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CPaaS Oligarchy in the Making?
As communications API provider Twilio shook things up last week with its initial public offering, Vonage CEO Alan Masarek asked us not to forget the other big event of the month marking a world of change in the cloud communications universe -- his company's acquisition of Nexmo, announced in May and completed June 6.
Not that he begrudges Twilio its time in the sun. In fact, he's glad for it. By shining so much light on the communications platform-as-a-service (CPaaS) model, Twilio's IPO will help the market better understand why Vonage acquired Nexmo, its sixth buy in the last three years -- not to mention help Vonage in its competitive positioning, he told me in an interview.
During that interview, Masarek explained his vision for cloud communications, both generally and for Vonage in particular, discussed why Vonage zeroed in on Nexmo, and told me why he thinks the communications API market will become an oligarchy. Here are edited snippets from that call, in Masarek's own words.
On Vonage's general acquisition strategy...
At its simplest, what we're doing in cloud communications for business is connecting ... a company's communications infrastructure at the center, which we're 'cloudifying' with our UCaaS business, with the cloud-based apps that they use in their ordinary workflow communications on one side -- Salesforce.com, Google for Work, Office 365, Zendesk, or what have you -- and on the opposite side the cloud communications a company uses for customer communications. The acquisitions we've done have been in fulfillment of that vision.
We started in UCaaS, with four deals. Because UCaaS penetrated the business world first with small companies and worked its way up to large enterprises, we first purchased Vocalocity, ... which is now Vonage Essentials, our own proprietary stack. Subsequently, we rolled up three of BroadSoft's most meaningful service providers -- Telesphere [Networks], Simple Signal, and iCore [Networks] -- together as Vonage Premier. From day one, our strategy has been to serve the full range of businesses, from the smallest to the largest enterprises, and we chose to do that with two purpose-built solutions targeting respective ends of the market: Vonage Essentials is midmarket down to microbusiness, while Vonage Premier targets from midmarket up to largest enterprises.
We also purchased, a little over year ago, gUnify, for that middleware functionality that integrates our call processing stack to SaaS-based workflow tools. And now, with Nexmo, we are connecting our UCaaS stack with how companies are incorporating the same communications functionality into their communications to their customers.
We believe that through these six acquisitions we've built the broadest feature set for connecting the flow from cloud-based workflow tools, through [a company's] communications stack and, irrespective of the mode -- voice, video, text -- through how I communicate with my customer in a way that's integrated, and seamless.
On the need to add CPaaS into the mix...
While UCaaS has been about communications for a company's employees, CPaaS has been about how you communicate with customers. That's because we communicate with our customers via websites, mobile apps and, increasingly, chat apps. And developers who own those websites and mobile apps or business process apps, chat apps or what have you, are incorporating the communications functionality -- messaging, voice, or video -- through Nexmo's APIs (and Twilio's APIs as well). It's the identical communications functionality but a different delivery model. With UCaaS you're selling the whole meal. With CPaaS, you're chunking it down and letting it be consumed in bite sizes.
On why it selected Nexmo rather than Twilio or other CPaaS provider...
Interestingly, Nexmo and Twilio are sort of the inverse of one another. Nexmo is more globally -- outside the United States -- focused, and more focused on messaging rather than on voice. And Twilio is more focused domestically and more on voice. Now think about who we are as Vonage -- a strong domestic voice provider, with probably the largest VoIP footprint around. That complements where Nexmo has its strengths -- internationally, in APAC and EMEA, and in messaging.
On what Vonage brings to Nexmo, and vice versa...
If you look at our distribution in North America, we become a force multiplier for Nexmo as it comes here. We have 70,000 business customers, many are small companies, but many are large as well. We find that companies are looking for a UCaaS solution, and then they are separately working with CPaaS solutions for communications with their customers from their websites and mobile apps. What will happen over time is we will marry the two, ... and by virtue of being able to bring Nexmo's APIs together with UCaaS functionality, we believe we will be able to leapfrog the competition.
You get the ability to have this high-quality voice because we have this very thick MPLS backbone with all these PoPs and super PoPs throughout North America and termination contracts with carriers throughout the world. That benefit instantly accrues to the Nexmo customer. Our brethren in the CPaaS side don't have that network underneath them.
Continue to Page 2 to read Masarek on Nexmo's path forward, the difference between selling UCaaS and CPaaS, and the oligarchical nature of CPaaS
On the marching orders he has for Nexmo, as a Vonage company...
We need to move aggressively into voice, both programmable voice and conversational APIs, so that's the push ... and we will have some really exciting products coming out on the voice side, all of which will point to our network.
On hitching Nexmo APIs to the Vonage network...
It is trivial. Today when a Twilio or Nexmo delivers that phone call, it's going over the top [OTT] of the public Internet without any, or not very much, call control. You have the classic challenges of OTT apps, being a slave to the bandwidth and congestion. There's no intelligence in the public Internet that's going to optimize your voice packets versus some other data packets that are trying to crowd you out. When you point Nexmo APIs to our network, they're going over a fully managed network, in our MPLS backbone, where we're optimizing the voice packets, and you have a limited number of hops. We own our own phone numbers, etc. It's a more robust network [than the public Internet] by a massive factor, therefore you will have a higher quality of call ... more consistently -- and less expensively because we own our own assets, have such volume, and terminate to carriers at such volume that we have some of the best rates. So there will be scale economies that we have that others aren't going to have.
On the difference between selling UCaaS and CPaaS...
On the UCaaS side, we knock on the front door of the business -- through telesales or field sales or channel sales. It's a push effort; I push my way in. With CPaaS, the developer side is critical (we already have 121,000 registered developers). Whether the developer works at a big enterprise and owns the website or a mobile app, at a tiny digital native company, or anywhere in between doesn't matter. That developer is going to go through our website (and Twilio's), and pull the APIs needed for building communications functionalities into the website or mobile app or what have you. So what we do is work very hard to cultivate the developer relationship; 'DevRel,' which is developer relations, is a very important part of what we do.
On the oligarchical nature of the CPaaS market...
The market in the API world for communications is going to be an oligarchy, with probably no more than two players -- probably Twilio and Nexmo -- because developers are not going to want to learn a ton of different communications APIs to write into their apps. It's almost akin to the mobile operating system world. Developers will write for iOS and Android all day long, but they don't write any more for Windows OS or BlackBerry. There's this negative cycle where there aren't enough devices out there running Windows OS and BlackBerry to make writing for those devices worthwhile, and there aren't enough devices because there aren't enough apps to encourage people to buy the devices.
A similar phenomenon will happen within the API world, where in the communications vertical the developer community will write to probably us and Twilio as the market leaders. Between the two of us we're about a third of the total market, and then there's a very long tail of homegrown stuff and very small companies. ... You're not going to have a dozen meaningful communications API companies because the developer community isn't going to support that. Because why would it? It's just not going to be worth developers' time.